TRIAS POLITICA DALAM PERSPEKTIF FIKIH SIYASAH

Wery Gusmansyah

Abstract


According to the concept of the trias politica Montesquieu, in every government there are three kinds of powers, namely the legislative power, the executive power, on matters pertaining to the law of nations; and judicial power on matters that depend on civil law ". According to him, these three types of power must be separate from each other, both about the task (function) and the equipment (organ) that organize it. Basically, the concept of trias politica does not conflict with the jurisprudence of siyasah. The implementation of this power-sharing can be seen in the time of the khulafaurrasyidin. At that time the executive power held by a caliph, the legislative power held by the Council of Shura, and the power of the judiciary held by Qadhi or judge. Then, during the second caliphate of Umar bin Khattab, the division of power between the executive, the legislative, and the judiciary was elaborated by law. At this time, Umar bin Khattab made a law that separates the executive and legislative powers, with the aim that the qadhi as the holder of the judicial power in deciding cases can be free from executive influence

Full Text:

PDF

References


Asshiddiqie, Jimly, Pengantar Ilmu Hukum Tata Negara. Cetakan Kedua, PT Rajagrafindo Persada, Jakarta. 2010

Asshiddiqie, Jimly, Perkembangan Dan Konsulidasi Lembaga Negara Pasca Reformasi. Sinar Grafika, Jakarta, 2010

Asshiddiqie, Jimly, Pokok-Pokok Hukum Tata Negara Indonesia Pasca Reformasi, PT. Buana Indah Populer, Jakarta, 2008

Asshiddiqie, Jimly, Sejarah Terbentuknya DPR, Jakarta, Darma Pustaka, 2011

Budiardjo, Miriam, Dasar–Dasar Ilmu Politik. Rev.ed, Cetakan Pertama, Gramedia, Jakarta, 2008

Djazuli, A., Fiqh Siyasah, Implementasi Kemaslahatan Umat dalam Rambu-Rambu Syari’ah, Jakarta: Prenada Media, 2003

E.Utrech, Pengantar Hukum Administrasiu Negara Indonesia, Cet. 4, 1960

Faruq, Asadullah al-, Hukum Acara Peradilan Islam. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Yustisia. 2009.

Firmansyah, Arifin, dkk, Lembaga Negara Dan Sengketa Lembaga Negara. Cet. 1. Jakarta : Konsorsium Reformasi Hukum Nasional (KRHAN), 2005

Gunawan A Tahuda, Komisi Negara Independen, Genta Press, Yogyakarta, 2012

Iqbal, Muhammad, Fiqh Siyasah, Kontektualisasi Doktrin Politik Islam, Jakarta, Gaya Media Pratama, 2007

Kantraprawira, Rusadi, Sistem Politik Indonesia : Suatu Model Pengantar. Bandung; Sinar Baru, 1998

Kusnardi, Moh,R. Saragih. Susunan Pembagian Kekuasaan Menurut Sistem Undang-Undang Dasar 1945. Jakarta: PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama. 1994

Mahdi, Imam, Hukum Tata Negara Indonesia, Teras, Yogyakarta, 2011.

Mahmuzar, Sistem Pemerintahan Indonesia Menurut UUD 1945 Sebelum dan Sesudah Amandemen, cet. I, Bandung: Nusa Media, 2010

Manan, Bagir, DPR, DPD, dan MPR dalam UUD 1945 baru, FH-UII Press, Yogyakarta, 2003

Maududi, Abul A’la al-, Hukum dan Kontstitusi: sistem politik Islam, Terj. Drs. Asep Hikmat, Mizan, Bandung, 1990

Mawardi, Imam al-, Hukum Tata Negara Dan Kepemimpinan Dalam Sejarah Islam, Jakarta; Gema Insani, 2000

Pulungan, Suyuti, Fiqh Siyasah; Ajaran Sejrah Dan Pemikiran, Jakarta, PT Raja Gravindo, 1994

Qodir Jailani, Abdul, Negara Ideal Menurut Konsepsi Islam, Surabaya, PT Bina Ilmu, 1995

Riri Nazriyah, MPR RI : Kajian Terhadap Produk Hukum Dan Prospek Di Masa Depan. UII Press, Yogyakarta. 2007

Rohaniah Yoyoh, Efriza, Pengantar Ilmu Politik Kajian Mendasar Ilmu Politik, Malang, Intrans Publising 2005

Sjadzali, Munawir, Islam dan Tata Negara, Ajaran, Sejarah dan Pemikiran, Penerbit Universitas Indonesia, 1990

Syafi’i Ma’arif, Ahmad, Studi tentang Peraturan dan Konstituante Islam dan Masalah Kenegaraan, Jakarta, LP3ES, 1985

TM Hasbi Ash Shiddieqy, Peradilan dan Hukum Acara Islam, Semarang; Pustaka Rizki Putra, 2001

Yusuf al-Qardawi, Fiqh Daulah dalam Perspektif Al-Qur’an dan Sunnah, Alih Bahasa, Suhardi, Jakarta, Raja Grafindo, 1994


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.