Pesantren and Peace Education Development: Challenges, Strategies and Contribution to Deradicalization in Indonesia

Muhammad Thoyib

Abstract


Developing peace education in society is the ‘main gateway’ of Indonesian civilization in the future to create tolerant, moderate and inclusive human beings. This study aims to identify challenges, strategies, and contribution to developing peace education for deradicalization in Pesantren al-Bidayah Pasuruan and Pesantren Miftahul Ula, Nganjuk, East Java which are famous as ‘humanist pesantrens’ with unique diversity of religious thoughts, cultures, and beliefs around them. This research is a qualitative research using interactive analysis model that consists of data reduction, data display and data verification. The conclusions of this study are: First, the challenges of peace education development at Pesantren al-Bidayah Pasuruan and Pesantren Miftahul Ula Nganjuk encompass several forms: the ideological challenge of religious social fundamentalism, religious political cannibalism, and exclusive religious education. Second, the strategies of implementing peace education development at the two pesantrens include: learning to understand cultural diversity, learning to understand religious plurality, and learning to understand social economic-based community. Third, the contribution of peace education development at the two pesantrens includes: contribution of building non-violence culture, developing cultural appreciation of human rights, and awakening democratic values   and tolerance around society.

Keywords


pesantren; peace education development; challenges; strategy; and contribution

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abidin, Zaenal,”Teologi (Islam) Pluralis dalam Masyarakat Multi Religius”, Religia Vol. 2, No. 1, May 2006.

Arikunto, Suharsimi. Prosedur Penelitian: Suatu Pendekatan Praktek. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta. 2008.

Aziz, Sholehuddin A, “Penguatan Peace Building Melalui Sosialisasi Perdamaian & Community Empowermen”, Jurnal Cendekia Vol. 8, No. 1, June 2015.

Azra, Azyumardi Azra, “Rekruitmen Anak Sekolah”, Republika, April 24, 2012.

Bogdan, R.C., & Biklen, S.K. Qualitative Reseach for Education: An Introduction to Theory and Methods. London: Allyn and Bacon, Inc. 1998.

Buletin Ulul Albab, Pesantren Miftahul Ula, Kertosono, Nganjuk, East Java, January, 2017

Buliten Ar-Risalah, Pesantren al-Bidayah, Pasuruan, East Java, July 2016.

Darmawan, Josep J, (ed.), Multikulturalisme Membangun Harmoni Masyarakat Plural, Yogyakarta: Universitas Atma Jaya Yogyakarta, 2014.

Department of International & Transcultural Studies, Fundamental Concepts of Peace Education, Columbia: Columbia Univerity, 2010.

Document of Balai Litbang Kemenag in 2017 dalam www/http.balitbang.kemenag.go.id. downloaded on 13 April 2017

Document of Forum Komunitas Liwetan Sabariman (FKLS) Pesantren Miftahul Ula Nganjuk in 2016.

Furlong, Gary T, The Conflict Resolution Toolbox, Canada: John Wiley & Sons Canada, Ltd. 2005.

Garcia, Ricardo L, Teaching in Pluralistic society, New York: Harper & Row Plubisher, 2012.

Gaada, Mohd Yaseen, “On pluralism, religious ‘other’, and the Quran: A Post September-11 Discourse,” Indonesian Journal of Islam and Muslim Societies (IJIMS) Vol. 6, No. 2, December 2016.

Harris, Ian M, Peace Education Theory, Milwaukee: University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, 2009.

Harris, Ian M, Peace Education: Colleges and University, Encyclopedia of Violence, Peace, and Conflict, Volume 2, University of WisconsinMilwaukee, 2007.

Howlett, Charles F, John Dewey and Peace Education, Columbia: Columbia Univerity, 2008.

Ihsan, M. Nurul, Peace Education dan Relevansinya dengan Pendidikan Islam, Yogyakarta: Fakultas Tarbiyah dan Keguruan UIN Sunan Kalijaga, 2012.

Ilahi, Mohammad Takdir, Nasionalisme dalam Bingkai Pluralitas Bangsa: Paradigma Pembangunan dan Kemandirian Bangsa, Yogyakarta: Ar-Ruzz Media, 2012.

Khan, Maulana Wahiduddin. The Ideology of Peace. New Delhi: Goodword Book, 2014.

Khan, Sahid Imanullah, Peace Education in Contemporary Moslem Society, New Delhi: Islamabat Press, 2016.

Kung, Hans. Tak Ada Perdamaian Dunia Tanpa Perdamaian Agama-agama, dalam Jalan Dialog Hans Kung dan Presfektif Muslim. Yogyakarta: Public Lecture Hans Kung CRCS UGM, 2010.

Mahfudz, Choirul, Pendidikan Multikultural, Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar, 2013.

Naim, Ngainun, “Strategi Penanganan Radikalisme dan Terorisme di Indonesia: Perspektif Pendidikan”, National Simposium on “Memutus Mata Rantai Radikalisme dan Terorisme”, Jakarta, 15 July 2012. Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University of Jakarta.

Philip, Michael, Peace Education on Social Media Challenge, New York: Wilcohn Press, 2016.

Reardon, Betty A, Comprehensive Peace Education; Educationg for Global Responsibility, New York, Columbia University: Teacher College Press, 2014.

Republika, 23 March, 2018.

Shihab, Alwi, Islam Inklusif Menuju Sikap Terbuka dalam Beragama, Bandung: Mizan, 1998.

Sukmadinata, Nana Syaodih. Metode Penelitian Pendidikan. Bandung: Remaja Rosdakarya. 2006.

The Wahid Institute, “Terorisme dan Radikalisme: Tantangan Kekinian Islam Nusantara”, on National Seminar, Jakarta, 19 Augustus, 2016. Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University of Jakarta.

Thoyib, Muhammad. Model Pengembangan Pendidikan Islam Multikultural di Indonesia. Ponorogo: STAIN Po-Press. 2016.

Tilaar, H. A. R, Multikulturalisme:Tantangan-tantangan Global Masa Depan dalam Transformasi Pendidikan Nasional, Jakarta: Grasindo, 2010.

Yaqin, M. Ainul, Pendidikan Multikultural: Cross Cultural Understanding untuk Demokrasi dan Keadilan, Yogyakarta: Pilar Media, 2013




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.29300/madania.v22i2.1174

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Indexed By:

        

_______________________________________________


Creative Commons License
Jurnal Madania ini diterbitkan oleh IAIN Bengkulu dan Disebarluaskan dengan perijinan dibawah Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License..

__________________________________________________

MADANIA: JURNAL KAJIAN KEISLAMAN
Institut Agama Islam Negeri Bengkulu
Jl. Raden Fatah, Pagar Dewa Kota Bengkulu 38211
Bengkulu, Sumatra Indonesia

 


View My Stats