TOLERANSI BERAGAMA DALAM PRAKTEK NEGARA MADINAH (UPAYA MENGUNGKAP REALITA SEJARAH NABAWIYAH)

Ardiansyah Ardiansyah

Abstract


Religious Tolerance in Medina: An Effort to Find out Reality of Nabawiyah History. Mostly news of
mass media recently has informed that there are many violences occured on behalf of religion. The horizontal
conflicts occured in many places due to interfaith gaps so that the religion is sometimes regarded as a trigger of
disharmony. All religions actually give peace and tolerance. The religious tolerance, however, means to behave,
to be really well to all, and to respect different religion that they believe. Such attitude will come from the
awareness and plurality which has been given by Allah naturally. The tolerance, on the other hand, does not
mean that all religions are equal and true in the context of worshiping the God. It is because the tolerance
also means freedom to worship the God based on their religious belief, not based on recognizing the truth of
each religion. In Islamic history, the religious tolerance used to practice when Muhammad saw was in Medina.
Besides the prophet Muhammad saw interacted intensively and on dominant with various interfaith and cross–
culture communities in the middle Arabian societies, as well as with the strongest power politic like Roman and
Persian at that time.


Keywords


religious tolerance, history, Medina, freedom of interfaith

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.29300/madania.v18i2.12

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Jurnal Madania ini diterbitkan oleh IAIN Bengkulu dan Disebarluaskan dengan perijinan dibawah Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License..

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MADANIA: JURNAL KAJIAN KEISLAMAN
Institut Agama Islam Negeri Bengkulu
Jl. Raden Fatah, Pagar Dewa Kota Bengkulu 38211
Bengkulu, Sumatra Indonesia

 


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