MUHAMMAD IQBAL DAN IDE-IDE PEMIKIRAN POLITIKNYA

Akmal Hawi

Abstract


Muhammad Iqbal And His Political Ideas. The emergence of the renewal idea of of a figure can not be separated from social conditions wherever they live. Similarly, Muhammad Iqbal with his thoughts has been able to bring influence on political reform in Islam. One of his ideas is the will to establish an islamic state for Muslims in India separated from the Hindus. He believes that Muslims in India is a nation based on the bond of brotherhood among Muslims. From this article it was found that the emergence of this idea is influenced by the decline of the Muslims because of the stagnation in ijtihad. Although Iqbal did not realize his willing during his
lifetime, but after 25 years of his death, Iqbal’s struggle finally became real with the establishment of the Islamic state of Pakistan by Muhammad Ali Jinnah. Because of his ideas and struggle, Muhammad Iqbal later is called as the father of Pakistan, because he is actually the designer of the initial establishment of the Islamic state of Pakistan separated from India.


Keywords


The renewal idea; Nasionalism; Pan-Islamisme; Politic of Islam

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.29300/madania.v20i2.171

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Jurnal Madania ini diterbitkan oleh IAIN Bengkulu dan Disebarluaskan dengan perijinan dibawah Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License..

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MADANIA: JURNAL KAJIAN KEISLAMAN
Institut Agama Islam Negeri Bengkulu
Jl. Raden Fatah, Pagar Dewa Kota Bengkulu 38211
Bengkulu, Sumatra Indonesia

 


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