Etika Lingkungan dalam Kosmologi Sufistik Menurut Seyeed Hossein Nasr

Suwito Suwito

Abstract


Environmental Ethics of Sufism Cosmology in View of Seyeed Hossein Nasr. Sufism has unique concepts about human life. It provides the ways and methods to find the highest conscious so that the sâlikîn (the followers of sufism) can be wiser than before in any aspects, including in facing ecological crisis issues. This article tried to explore and analyze Seyeed Hossein Nars’s view on ecological ethics in sufism. Nasr’s concept derived from tawhîd (unity). Macro and micro cosmos were God’s theophany. The relation between Allah as The God and cosmos were like one face at the front of thousand mirrors. Allah is The One and there are many manifestations of his reflection. Therefore, the universe contains and accommodates the “aspects” of God. Hence, Nasr developed the concept of tawhîd became rim and axis theory. In this theory, there are similarities and likenesses with a’yan’s Mulla Sadra and al-Ghazali views. Through bashîrah (the eyes of heart), the sâlik can be khalîfah and ‘abd Allâh. Hence, damaging the cosmos also means damaging the relation with Allah.


Keywords


Seyeed Hossein Nasr; sufism; environmental ethics; tawhîd; Islam.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.29300/madania.v21i2.567

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