Rekonstruksi Maqâshid al-Syarî`ah dalam Pengembangan Metodologi Hukum Islam (Kajian Eksploratif Pemikiran Jasser Auda)

Ainol Yaqin

Abstract


Abstract: The Reconstruction of Maqâshid al-Syarî`ah in Development of Islamic Law Methodology (Explorative Study of Jasser Auda’s Thoughts). Every Islamic law prescribed should be tucked with shariah objectives (maqâshid al-syarî`ah), which is expedient in the sense of broad sense that must be preserved or harm that should be rejected. Maqâshid al-syarî`ah is the result of the understanding, thought and cognition of scholars, both classical and contemporary scholars towards some syara’ (Islamic law) so that it is not patent, stagnant and permanent. Jasser Auda endeavors to rearrange, reconstruct and integrate maqâshid al-syarî`ah with all theories of Islamic legal methodology in order to respond to the complexity of the problems that engage Muslims. He conceptualized system theory to correct, analyze and rethink the methodology of Islamic law by making maqâshid al-syarî`ah its main base. This noble ijtihad is projected to present Islamic law with justice, equity, freedom, tolerance, compassion, civilization, brotherhood, human rights, humanity and environmental stewardship so that it can improve and build the main human resources of Islam in order to build a bright and advanced world civilization.

Keywords


maqâshid al-syarî`ah; progressive ijtihad; system theory; renewal (innovation); Islamic law

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abdurrahmân, Muhammad Ibn Muhammad Ibn, Taisîr al-Wushûl ilâ Minhâj al-Ushûl min alMa’qûl wa al-Manqûl, Juz V, Kairo: al-Fârûq

al-Hadîtsah, 2002.

`Âbidîn, Ibnu, Raddu al-Mukhtâr ‘alâ Durri alMukhtâr, Juz IX, Beirut:

Dâr al-Kutub alIlmiyah, 2003.

`Âsyûr, Muhammad Thâhir Ibn, Maqâshid alSyarî`ah al-Islâmiyah,

Cet. 2. Yordan: Dâr alNafa`is, 2001.

`Athiyyah, Jamâluddîn, Nahwa Taf’îl Maqâshid alSyarî`ah, amaskus:

Dâr al-Fikr, 2001.

Abdullah, M. Amin, Epistemologi Keilmuan Kalam dan fikih Dalam Merespon Perubahan di Era Negara-Bangsa dan Globalisasi; Pemikiran Filsafat Keilmuan Agama IslamJasser Auda. Jurnal alSyir’ah, Vol. XIV No. 2 Juli - Desember 2012.

Alwânî, Thaha Jâbir al-, Maqâshid al-Syarî`ah, Beirut: Dâr al-Hadi, 2001.

Âmidî al-, al-Ihkâm fî Ushûl al-Ahkâm, Juz I, Beirut: Dâr al-Fikr, 1996.

Anshârî, ‘Abdul al-’Alî Muhammad bin Nidhâmuddîn al-, Kitâb Fawâtih al-Rahamût, Jld II, Beirut: Dâr al-Fikr, t.t.

Arfan, Abbas, “Maqâshid al-Syarî’ah sebagai sumber hukum Islam; Analisis terhadap pemikiran Jasser Auda”, Jurnal al-Manahij, Vol VII, No. 02, Tahun 2013.

Asybahânî, Mahmûd bin ‘Abdurrahmân al-, Bayân al-Muhktashar Syarh Mukhtashar Ibn al-Hâjib fî Ushûl al-Fikih, Jld II, Mesir: Dâr al-Salam, 2004.

Auda, Jasser, Maqâshid al-Syarî`ah kafalsafah littasyrî’ al-Islâmî ru`yah mandhûmiyah, terj. `Abdul Lathîf al-Khayyath, Jordania: al-Ma’had al-Aly li al-Fikr al-Islâmî, 2012.

Badrân, ‘Abdul Qâdir ibn, al-Madkhal ilâ Mazhab Imâm Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, Beirut: Mu`assasah al-Risâlah, 1981.

Bannânî al-, Hâsyiyah ‘alâ Syarhi al-Jalâl al-Mahallî, Juz II, Beirut: Dâr al-Fikr, t.t.

Bukhârî, ‘Abdul ‘Azîz bin Ahmad al-, Kasyfu al-Asrâr, Jld IV, Beirut: Dâr al-Kutub al-’Ilmiah, 1997.

Fasa, Muhammad Iqbal, “Reformasi Pemahaman Teori Maqâshid Syarî’ah; Analisis Pendekatan Sistem Jasser Auda”, Jurnal Hunafa: Jurnal Studia Islamika, Vol. 13, No. 2 Desember 2016,

Fâsî, ‘Allâl al-, Maqâshid al-Syarî`ah al-Islâmiyah wa Makârimuhâ, Riyadh: Dâr al-gharab alIslâmî, 1993.

Ghazâlî, Abû Muhammad bin Muhammad al-, alMustashfâ min ‘Ilmi al-Ushûl, II, Beirut: Dâr al-Fikr, tt.

Hammâm, al-Kamâl ibn al-, al-Taqrîr wa al-Tahbîr, Jld III, Bairut: Dâr al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiah, 1983.

Hanafî, Ibnu al-Himâm al-, Syarh Fath al-Qadîr, Juz V, Beirut: Dâr al-Kutub al-Ilmiyah, 2003.

Hanbalî, ‘Alî Ibn Sulaimân al-Mardâwî al-, al-Tahbîr Syarh al-Tahrîr fî Ushûl al-Fikih, Jld VII, Riyadh: Maktabah al-Rusy, 2000.

Jawziyah, Ibn Qayyim al-, A’lâm al-Muwaqqi’în ‘an Rabbil’âlamîn, Jld III, Beirut: Dâr al-Fikr, 1977.

Juwainî al-, al-Burhân fî Ushûl al-Fikih, Mesir: alWafâ`, 1997, Jilid II

hallâf, Abdul Wahhâb, ‘Ilmu Ushûl al-Fikih, Kairo: Dâr al-‘Ilmu, 1978.

Khudharî Bek, Muhammad al-,Ushûl al-Fikih, Beirut: Dâr al-Fikr,1988.

Najjâr, ‘Abd al-Majîd al-, Maqâshid al-Syarî`ah bi Ab’âd Jadîdah, Beirut: Dâr al-Gharab al-Islâmî, 2008.

Prihantoro, Syukur, “Maqâshid al-Syarî’ah dalam Pandangan Jasser Auda; Sebuah Upaya Rekontruksi Hukum Islam Melalui Pendekatan Sistem”, Jurnal at-Tafkir, Vol. X, No. 1, Juni 2017

Qardhâwî, Yûsuf al-, Dirâsah fi Fikih Maqâshid al-Syarî`ah Bayna al-Maqâshid al-Kulliyah wa al-Nushûsh al-Juz`iyah, Beirut: Dâr al-Syurûq, 2006.

_____, Kaifa Nata’âmal ma’a al-Qur’ân al-‘adhîm, Kairo: Dâr al-Syurûq, 1999.

Said, Imam Ghazali dan A. Ma’ruf Asrori (peny.), Ahkâm al-Fukaha fî Muqarrarât Mu`tamarât Nahdlah Al-‘Ulama (Solusi Problema Aktual Hukum IslamKeputusan Muktamar, Munas, dan Konbes Nahdatul Ulama 1926-1999 M), Surabaya: Lajnah Ta`lif Wan Nasyr, 2005.

Sarkhasî, Muhammad Ibn Abî Sahl al-, al-Mabsûd, Juz VIII, Beirut: Dâr al-Ma’rifah, tt.,

Subkî al-, Jam’u al-Jawâmi fî Ushûl al-Fikih, Beirut: Dâr al-Kutub al-Ilmiah, 2003.

Supriadi, Akhmad, Sistem Sebagai Filsafat; Tawaran Baru Jasser Auda Bagi Pengembangan Hukum Islam Kontemporer”, Jurnal Studi Agama dan Masyarakat, Vol 13, No 2, Desember 2017

Suyûthî, Jalâluddîn al-, Syarh al-Kaukab al-Sâthi’, Juz II, Kairo: Maktabah al-Iman, 2000.

Syahrûr, Muhammad. Nahw Usul Jadîdah li al-Fikih al-Islâmî. Damaskus: al-Ahâlî li ath-Thibâ’ah wa al-Nasyar al-Tawzî, 2000.

Syâthibî, Abû Ishâq al-, al-Muwâfaqât fî Ushûl alSyarî`ah,

Jld II, Mesir: al-Maktabah al-Tijâriyah al-Kubrâ, tt.

Zahrah, Muhammad Abû, al-Mu’jizat al-Kubrâ alQur’ân, Juz II, Bairut, Dâr al-Fikr, t.t.

Zarkasyî, Muhammad Ibn Bahâdir al-, al-Bahru al-Muhîth fî Ushûl al-Fikih, Juz V, Kairo: Dâr al-Shafwah, 1992.

Zuhailî, Wahbah al-, al-Wajîz fî Ushûl al-Fikih, Beirut: Dâr al-Fikr, 1999.

_____, Ushûl al-Fikih al-Islâmî, Jld II. Beirut: Dâr al-Fikr, 2009.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.29300/madania.v22i1.803

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Indexed By:

       

_______________________________________________


Creative Commons License
Jurnal Madania ini diterbitkan oleh IAIN Bengkulu dan Disebarluaskan dengan perijinan dibawah Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License..

__________________________________________________

MADANIA: JURNAL KAJIAN KEISLAMAN
Institut Agama Islam Negeri Bengkulu
Jl. Raden Fatah, Pagar Dewa Kota Bengkulu 38211
Bengkulu, Sumatra Indonesia

 


View My Stats