Pengucapan ‘Selamat Natal’ Oleh Umat Islam Kepada Umat Kristiani Perspektif Filsafat Hukum Islam

Bobby Harianto

Abstract


Abstract: Greeting Of ‘Merry Christmas’ By Muslims To Christians In Islamic Perspective. The greeting of ‘Merry Christmas’ is usually pronounced when the Christian welcome the birth of Jesus. In Indonesia, there are still differences of opinion on whether or not allowed for Muslims to say ‘Merry Christmas’ to Christians as a form of respect and tolerance for the Christians. Some ulema are strictly prohibiting to greet Christian by saying ‘Merry Chirstmas’ because this act is a part of religious rituals, and others allow it with certain terms and conditions. To clarify the Islamic legal regarding the greeting of ‘Merry christmas’, this article will explore more deeply through a review of the philosophy of Islamic law. This study is a qualitative research approach. In general there are two approaches that will be used by the researchers, namely: a phenomenological approach and a juridical philosopy approach. In the mean time, the researcher also used the conceptual approach, case approach, as well as comparative approach. The research shows that greeting by saying ‘Merry Christmas’ to Christian is considered as haram li dzatihi (prohibited) because faith related issues. The prohibitation applies as long as not in the state of urgent or special needs.


Keywords


Merry Chirstmas, philosophy of Islamic law

Full Text:

PDF

References


‘Arfaj, Abd al-Ilah bin Husain al-‘, Konsep Bid’ah & Toleransi Fiqh, Jakarta: Al-I’tishom Cahaya Umat, 2013.

Adhabi’i, Muhammad bin Ali, Bahaya Mengekor Non-Muslim Mukhtarat Iqtidha’ al-Shirathal Mustaqim Karya Syaikh Ibnu Taimiyah, Yogyakarta: Media Hidayah, 2003.

Ahmad, Zainal Abidin,Piagam Madinah: Konstitusi Tertulis Pertama di Dunia, Jakarta: Pustaka Alkautsar, 2014.

Al-Baihaqqi, Sunan al-Kubra, Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-Ilmiyah, tt..

Alex I, Suwandi, Tanya Jawab Syahadat Iman Katolik, Yogyakarta: Kanisius, 1990.

Ali, Mohammad Daud, Hukum Islam, Jakarta: PT. RajaGrafindo Persada, 2013.

Armstrong, Karen, Sejarah Tuhan: Kisah 4.000 Tahun Pencarian Tuhan dalam Agama-agama Manusia, Bandung: Mizan, 2013

Bolong, Bertolomeus, dan Fredrik U. A. Doeka, Mencintai Perbedaan: Renungan Lintas Iman Pluralisme dan Kerukunan, Kupang: Bonet Pinggupir, 2013.

Burhan Bungin, Analisis Data Penelitian Kualitatif, Jakarta: PT. RajaGrafindo Persada, 2010.

Dahlan, Zaini, dkk., Filsafat Hukum Islam, Jakarta: Bumi Aksara & Depag, 1999.

Dzajuli, A., Ilmu Fiqh: Penggalian, Perkembangan, dan Penerapan Hukum Islam, Jakarta: Kencana Prenada Media Group, 2012.

Fida’, Yazid Abu, Ensiklopedi Halal Haram Makanan, Solo: Pustaka Arafah, 2012.

Gering, Howard M., Kamus Alkitab, Jakarta: Yayasan Perkabaran Injil “Immanuel”, 1994.

Ghamidhi, Nashir bin Ali al-, Hari-hari Nasrani, Jakarta: Gema Insani Press, 1995.

Ghazali, Imam al-, Ringkasan Ihya’ Ulumuddin, Bekasi: Sahara Intisains, 2011.

Halsey, William D., dan Emanuel Friedman, ed., Collier’s Encyclopedia, New York: Macmillan Educational Corporation, 1980.

Ismail, Andar, Selamat Natal, Jakarta: BPK Gunung Mulia, 1996.

Kahmad, Dadang, Sosiologi Agama, Bandung: Remaja Rosdakarya, 2000.

Khallaf, Abdul Wahhab, Ilmu Ushul Fiqh, Semarang: Dina Utama Semarang, 1994.

Kurniawan dkk, Natal 25 Desember: Pembuktian Yesus Lahir 25 Desember, Bandung: Apologetika Press, 2013.

Lumintang, Stevri Indra,Theologia Abu-abu: Tantangan dan Ancaman Racun Pluralisme dalam Teologi Kristen Masa Kini, Malang: Gandum Mas, 2004.

Majelis Ulama Indonesia, Himpunan Fatwa MUI, Jakarta: Erlangga, 2011.

Marzuki, Peter Mahmud, Penelitian Hukum, Jakarta: Kencana Prenada Media Group, 2013.

Mulyono, Yohanes Bambang, Sejarah dan Penafsiran Leksionaris Versi RCL, Jakarta: Grafika KreasIndo, 2014.

Qadri, Hamid, Dimensi Keimanan Kristen, Jakarta; Pustaka Da’i, 1999.

Qardhawi, Yusuf al-, 7 Kaidah Utama Fikih Muamalat, Jakarta: Pustaka Al-Kautsar, 2010.

Qardhawi, Yusuf al-, Islam Agama Ramah Lingkungan, Jakarta: Pustaka Al-Kautsar, 2002.

Qayyim, Ibnu al-, Ahkam Ahl al-Dzimmah, Beirut: Daar al-Ilmi li al-Malayin, 1403 Hijriyah.

Rohman, Saifur, Hermeneutik: Panduan ke Arah Desain Penelitian dan Analisis, Yogyakarta: Graha Ilmu, 2013.

Saebani, Beni Ahmad, Filsafat Hukum Islam, Bandung: Pustaka Setia, 2008.

Salam, ‘Izzuddin Ibnu Abdis, Kaidah-kaidah Hukum Islam, Bandung: Nusa Media, 2011.

Samuel, Molyadi, Dokumen Pemalsuan Alkitab: Menyambut Kristenisasi Berwajah Islam, Sidoarjo: Victory Press, 2005.

Shihab, M. Quraish, “Membumikan” Alquran: Fungsi dan Peran Wahyu dalam Kehidupan Masyarakat, Bandung: Mizan, 2014.

Shihab, M. Quraish, Lentera Alquran: Kisah dan Hikmah Kehidupan, Bandung: Mizan, 2014.

Shihab, M. Quraish, “Kata Siapa Ucapkan Selamat Natal Haram bagi Muslim””, m.tribunnews.com/nasional/2014/12/18,quraish-shihab-kata-siapa-ucapkan-selamat-Natal-haram-bagi-muslim, diakses 24 Desember 2014, Pukul 13.10 WIB.

Situmorang, Jonar T. H., Bibliologi: Menyingkap Sejarah Perjalanan Alkitab dari Masa ke Masa, Yogyakarta: ANDI [Anak Didik Imanuel], 2013.

Soedarmo, R., Ikhtisar Dogmatika, Jakarta: BPK Gunung Mulia, 2013.

Spong, John Shelby, Yesus bagi Orang Non-Religius, Jakarta: PT. Gramedia Pustaka Utama, 2008.

Spray, Lisa, Jesus: Myths and Message, Jakarta: Arkola, 2008.

Suryanto, Stefanus, dan Libertus Jehani, Paus Benedictus XVI, (Jakarta: Obor, 2008).

Syihab, Abu Deedat, Should Christian Convert Moslems – Membongkar Gerakan Pemurtadan Umat Islam – Dokumen Kristenisasi, Jakarta: Pustaka Tazkia Az-Zahra, 2005.

Taher, Tarmizi, Menjadi Muslim Moderat: Beragama di Tengah Percaturan Global, Bandung: Hikmah, 2004.

Taimiyah, Ibnu, Al-Jawabu al-Shahih li man baddala Din al-Masih, Juz 2, tk.: Mathba`ah al-Majid al-Tijarah, tt.

Taimiyah, Ibnu, Kumpulan Fatwa Ibnu Taimiyah: Tentang Amar Ma’ruf Nahi Munkar & Kekuasaan, Siyasah Syar’iyyah dan Jihad Fisabilillah, Jakarta: Darul Haq, 2005.

Tim Penyusun Ensiklopedia Britannica, The New Encyclopaedia Britannica vol 10, USA:

| QIYAS Vol. 1, No. 1, April 2016

William Benton dan Helen Hemingway Benton Publishers, 1982.

Usman, Muchlis, Kaidah-kaidah Ushuliyah dan Fiqhiyah: Pedoman Dasar dalam Istinbath Hukum Islam, (Jakarta: PT. RajaGrafindo Persada, 1999.

www.eramuslim.com diakses tanggal 23 Desember 2012

www.southtravels.com/middleeast/palestine/weather.html diakses pada tanggal 8 Desember 2013, Pukul 16.05 WIB.

Zahrah, Muhammad Abu,Ushul Fiqh, Jakarta: Pustaka Firdaus, 2002.

Zaidan, Abdul Karim, Al-Wajiz: 100 Kaidah Fikih dalam Kehidupan Sehari-hari, Jakarta: Pustaka Al-Kautsar, 2008.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.29300/qys.v1i1.223

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Indexing oleh :
 

  

   free web stats Qiyas Visitors