DEMOCRATIC POLITICAL SYSTEM IN THE PERSPECTIVE OF MAQASID SHARIA : STUDY ANALYSIS OF YUSUF AL-QARADAWI’S THOUGHT

Athoilah Islamy, Sansan Ziaul Haq

Abstract


Abstract: one of the big issue that is still debatable about the relationship between Islam and politics is how legitimate the democratic political system is in the paradigm of Islamic law. This study will explain the alternative paradigm in evaluating the democratic system based on the paradigm of Islamic law from a prominent Muslim intellectual named Yusuf al-Qaradawi. This research is a qualitative research in the form of literature review. The primary source used is a variety of literature that explains Yusuf al-Qaradawi's thoughts about democracy in Islam. The method used is the method of interpreting the thoughts of the figures with the maqasid al-shari‘ah approach. There are two big conclusions of this research. First, Yusuf al-Qaradawi's view of democracy can be said to be grounded in its epistemological foundation in understanding the concept of an Islamic state. For al-Qaradawi, an Islamic state is a system of government that provides policy improvisation space in the benefit of social, economic and political life based on the objectives of Islamic law (maqasid shari'ah). Second, Yusuf al-Qaradawi's view, the democratic system can be compatible with Islam if the principles in the democratic system are in accordance with various values which are the spirit of the objectives of Islamic law (maqasid shari'ah), such as the value of justice, equality of rights, freedom, etc. so. To realize this, the democratic system must carry a holistic vision and mission, which includes worldly and ukhrawi benefits as well as individual and social benefits.       Keywords: Validity, democracy, Yusuf al-Qaradawi, maqasid shari’ah; 

Full Text:

PDF

References


References

Ahmad, Muhammad ‘Ali Mufti, Naqd al-Judur al-Fikriyyah li-al-Dimuqratiyyah, Riyad, Maktabat al-Malik Fahd al-Wataniyyah, 2002.

al-Nabhani, Taqiyyudin, Nizam al-Hukmi fi al-Islam, Beirut:, 1976

al-Qaradawi, Yusuf, al - Din wa al – Siasah, Kairo: Dar al-Shuruq, 2006

al-Qaradawi, Yusuf, Min Fiqh al - Daulah fi al – Islam, Kairo: Dar al-Shuruq, 2001.

al-Qaradawi, Yusuf, Madkhal li Dirasat al-Shari‘ah al-Islamiyyah, Kairo: Maktabah Wahbah.

Azim, Said Abdul, al-Dimuqratiyyah fi al-Mizan, Iskandaria.tp.tt.

A, Dahl, Robert, On Democracy, Virginia: Yale University, 1998.

Basyariah, Syamsuar, Integrasi Agama dan Negara: Paradigma Politik Nurcholish Madjid Era Orde Baru Tahun 1966–1998,Yogyakarta: Kaukaba, 2010.

Chan, Sylvia, Liberalism, Democracy and Development,Cambridge: Cambride University Press, 2002.

Dale F. Eickelman and James Piscatori‚ Muslim Politics‛ Review by: Robert D. Lee, International Journal of Middle East Studies , Vol. 29, No.4,1997.

E, William Scheuerman, Liberal Democracy and the Empire of Speed,‛ Polity , Vol. 34, No. 1 (Autumn, 2001)

Esposito, John L, Demokrasi di Negara-Negara Muslim: Problem dan Prospek, terj. Rahmadi Astuti Bandung: Penerbit Mizan, 1999

Esposito, John L ‚Islam and Democracy,‛Review by: Roger Hardy, International Affairs,Royal Institute of International Affairs 1944-), Vol. 73, No. 2, Asia and the Pacific,1997.

Fukuyama, Francis, The End of History and The Last Man, New York: The Free Press, 1992.

Geaves, Ron ‚Aspects of Islam,‛ Review by: Connie Lamb, MELA Notes , No. 81, 2008.

Huntington, Samuel P, The Clash of Civilization and the Remaking of World Order,New York: Simon and Schuster, 1996.

Isham, Sulaiman, al-Dimuqratiyah, Kairo: al-Markaz al-Alami li Dirasat wa Abhat al-Kitab al-Ahdar, 1988.

Ishaq, Abu al-Shatibi, al-Muwafaqot fi Usul al-Shari’ah.

Islamy, Athoillah,“Eksistensi Hukum Keluarga Islam di Indonesia dalam Kontestasi Politik Hukum dan Liberalisme Pemikiran Islam,” Al-Istinbath : Jurnal Hukum Islam, Vol.4, No.2 (2019).

Sarwat, Ahmad,Maqasid Shariah,Jakarta : Rumah Fiqh Publishing, 2019.

Saeed, Abdullah, Islamic Thought: an Introduction, New York: Routledge, 2006.

Klaff, Rene “Prinsip-prinsip Dasar Demokrasi dan Pemerintahan yang Baik,” dalam Islam dan Barat : Demokrasi dalam Masyarakat Islam, ed. Ulil Abshar Abdalla Jakarta: Paramadina, 2002.

Meyyer, Thomas, Demokrasi sosial dan Libertatian: Dua Model yang Bersaing dalam Mengisi Kerangka Demokras i Liberal, Jakarta: Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung, 2012.

Majid, Nurcholis, Cita - cita Politik Islam, Jakarta: Dian Rakyat, 2006.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.29300/imr.v5i1.2917

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

This journal is indexed by:

    

Creative Commons License

Jurnal Al Imarah ini diterbitkan oleh Fakultas Syariah IAIN Bengkulu dan disebarluaskan dengan perizinan di bawah Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License..

__________________________________________________

JURNAL AL IMARAH: JURNAL PEMERINTAHAN DAN POLITIK ISLAM
Institut Agama Islam Negeri Bengkulu
Jl. Raden Fatah, Pagar Dewa Kota Bengkulu 38211
Bengkulu, Sumatra Indonesia