ANALISIS KEPEMIMPINAN NON MUSLIM MENURUT FIQIH DAN HUKUM TATA NEGARA DI INDONESIA

Siti Qoniah, Ashif Az Zafi

Abstract


Abstract: The leader is the most important figure in a sphere of community life, both small and broad, the progress of a sphere of society depends on how the leader in bringing the country, whether it is more advanced, prosperous or vice versa. Therefore, it is the responsibility of all of us as a citizen to be selective in choosing a leader. Islam as a religion of revelation for Muslims and make it as a guide in carrying out their lives, including in political matters, namely becoming a leader. The leader has an important position in Islam. In the Islamic view of non-Muslim leaders, there are differences of opinion of the scholars about the legitimate or non-Islamic leaders in the Islamic perspective. The difference in opinion is due to the perception in understanding the verses about saints or awliya 'mentioned in the Qur'an Moreover, the current reality of the state of Indonesia is not an Islamic state, but a democratic state, which has a majority of its citizens, who are Muslim. In Indonesia, to become a leader in positive law and in the Constitution, there is no explanation which explains that the requirements to be a leader in Indonesia must be religious and prohibit non-Muslim religion. the opening of the 1945 Constitution only explained that in Indonesia there was no difference between ethnicity, religion, language, culture, etc. Therefore, it is necessary to conduct a deeper study in understanding it so that there is no misunderstanding among the people.

Keywords: Leaders; Indonesia; Islam; Non-Muslims; Constitution


Full Text:

PDF

References


Pustaka Acuan

Muhammad Jufri, Ahmad Dahlan. 2018. ”Kepemimpinan Non Muslim Di Indonesia Perspektif Hukum Islam”, Lisan Al-Hal: Jurnal Pengembangan Pemikiran dan Kebudayaan.

Husnaeni Husnaeni. 2019. “Kajian Hukum Islam terhadap Kepemimpinan Gubernur Non Muslim di Negara Kesatuan Republik Indonesia”, Jurnal Al-Dustar: Journal of politic and islamic law.

Al-Qur’an, Departemen Agama RI Al-Qur’an dan Terjemah 30 juz.

Al-Mawardi. 2000.”Hukum Tata Negara dan Kepemimpinan dalam Takaran Islam”. Jakarta: Gema Insani Pers.

Muhammad Tahir Azhari. 2012.”Beberapa Aspek Hukum Tata Negara, Hukum Pidana, dan Hukum Islam”. Jakarta: Prenamedia.

A.Djazuli. 2003. ”Fiqih Siyasah Implementasi Kemaslahatan Ummat dalam Rambu-Rambu Syariah Edisi Revisi”. Bandung: Predana Media.

Abul A’la Al-Maudi. 1990.”Hukum dan Konstitusi Politik Islam”. Bandung: Mirzan.

Amanda Rahmat Hidayat. 2013. ”Kepemimpinan Non Muslim Menurut Fiqih Siyasah dan Hukum Tata Negara Indonesia”. Lampung.

Jimly Asshiddi. 2009. ”Pengantar Hukum Tata Negara”. Jakarta: PT. Grafindo.

Abu Daud Busroh. 1987.”Intisari Hukum Tata Negara Perbandingan Konstitusi Sembilan Negara”. Jakarta: PT.Bima Aksara.

Undang-Undang Nomor 42 Tahun 2008 tentang “pemilu Presiden dan wakil Presiden”, pasal 5.

Ali Imron. 2009.”Pertanggungjawaban, Konsep Hukum Islam dan Relevansnya dengan Citra Hukum Nasional Indonesia”. Semarang: Walisongo Pers.

Mujar Ibnu Syarif. 2003. ”Hak-Hak Politik Minoritas Non Muslim dalam Komunitas Islam”. Bandung: Angkasa Bandung.

Mudrik Al Farizi. 2016. ”Pemimpin Non Muslim dalam Pandangan Islam”. Al-Mabsut: Jurnal Studi Islam dan Sosial 10.

Indah Kusuma Dewi, Ali Mashar. 2019. ”Nilai-Nilai Profetik dalam Kepemimpinan Modern pada Manajemen Kerja”. Jogjakarta: CV.Gre Publishing.

Muhammad Harfin Zuhdi. 2014. ”Konep Kepemimpinan dalam Perspektif Islam”. Institut Agama Negeri Islam Mataram.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.29300/imr.v5i2.3487

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

This journal is indexed by:

     
 

Creative Commons License

Jurnal Al Imarah ini diterbitkan oleh Fakultas Syariah IAIN Bengkulu dan disebarluaskan dengan perizinan di bawah Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License..

__________________________________________________

JURNAL AL IMARAH: JURNAL PEMERINTAHAN DAN POLITIK ISLAM
Institut Agama Islam Negeri Bengkulu
Jl. Raden Fatah, Pagar Dewa Kota Bengkulu 38211
Bengkulu, Sumatra Indonesia