MOOC Development in Basic Natural Sciences as a Distance Learning Solution

Yulia Dewi Puspitasari, Susdarwati Susdarwati


The Covid-19 pandemic that occurred massively in Indonesia had an impact on distance / online learning that must be done to reduce physical interaction between lecturers and students. Distance learning that has been done is still one-way communication. Development of the Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) as a learning platform that can support distance learning. The purpose of this research is to develop MOOCs as support for distance learning, to determine the quality of the MOOC, and the level of MOOC satisfaction. The research method used is the ADDIE development model with phase analysis, design, development, implementation, dan evaluation. The results of the research at each stage are: analysis stage needs analysis and problem analysis on the need for distance learning solutions with active two-way communication. The design stage made a MOOC design with RPS, materials, videos, enrichment questions, and quizzes at every meeting. The development stage develops each menu stage in the MOOC from the expected competencies to the quiz. The implementation stage, validation of experts, and validation of small groups of students. The evaluation stage evaluates MOOCs both in language, layout, content, and user satisfaction. The conclusion of the study is that MOOC was developed with the stages of analysis, design, development, implementation, and evaluation (ADDIE). The MOOC quality from the validation results obtained an average of 80,8 in the good category. The results of the user satisfaction level of MOOC Basic Natural Sciences were 78% with a good category


MOOC, Basic Natural Sciences, Distance Learning

Full Text:



Aldooby, Nada. (2015). ADDIE Models. American International Journal of Contemporary Research, 5 (6), 68-72. Retrieved From

Anggy, G.,P., Andri,P., Ghulam, F., & Marwan, F,. (2020). Efektivitas pembelajaran jarak jauh terhadap pembelajaran siswa di sdit cendekia purwakarta. Jurnal Pendidikan Dasar, 11(1), 94-101. Retrieved from

Colin, A.,, Alan, M., Iain, O., Rosa, M., Thanassis, T. (2012). The Web in education, Computer Networks, volume 56, pages 3811-3824, Elsevier.

Chen, J. C. (2013). Opportunities and challenges of MOOCS: Perspectives from Asia. Retrieved from

Davis, A. L. (2013). Using instructional design principles to develop effective information literacy instruction: The ADDIE model. College & Research Libraries News, 74(4), 205–207. Retrieved from

Halim, T. Y. F., MacLaren, A., Romanish, M. T., Gold, M. J., McNagny, K. M., & Takei, F. (2012). Retinoic-acid-receptor- related orphan nuclear receptor alpha Is required for natural helper cell development and allergic inflammation. Immunity, 37(3), 463–474. Retrieved from 6.012

Januszewski, & M. Molenda (2008), Educational Technology: A Definition with Commentary New York & London: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Johan, R., C. (2015). Massive open online course (mooc) dalam meningkatkan kompetensi literasi informasi guru pustakawan sekolah. Jurnal Pedagogia, 13 (1), 203-3013. Retrieved from

Kop, R., & Carroll, F. (2011). Cloud computing and creativity: learning on a massive open online course. European Journal of Open, Distance and E- Learning. Retrieved from

Keith S. Taber. (2018). The Use of Cronbach’s Alpha When Developing and Reporting Research Instruments in Science Education. Res Sci Educ 48, 1273–1296 (2018). Retrieved from

Lee, Y.-H., Hsieh, Y.-C., & Hsu, C.-N. (2011). Adding innovation diffusion theory to the technology acceptance model: supporting employees’ intentions to use e-learning systems. Educational Technology & Society, 14(4), 124–137. Retrieved from

Leon U., Manuel, Fielding, Sarah and White, Su. (2016) Professional development through MOOCs in higher education institutions: challenges and opportunities for Phd students working as mentors. Journal of Interactive Media in Education, 1, 1-11. (doi:10.5334/jime.427). Retrieved from

Nordin, N., Norman, H., & Embi, M. A. (2016). Technology acceptance of massive open online courses in Malaysia. Malaysian Journal of Distance Education, 17(2), 1–16. Retrieved from 1

Pambudi, M., & Wibawa, S. (2021). pengaruh model pembelajaran massive open online courses terhadap hasil belajar peserta didik. it-edu : Jurnal Information Technology and Education, 5(01), 294-302. Retrieved from

R. Kop, H. l. n. Fournier, and J. S. F. Mak. 2011. A pedagogy of abundance or a pedagogy to support human beings? Participant support on massive open online courses, The International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning, vol. 12, pp. 74-93, 2011.

SE Mendikbud No 4 Tahun 2020 tentang pelaksanaan Kebijakan Pendidikan dalam masa darurat penyebaran corona virus disease (covid-19)

Setiawan, A., R. (2020). Lembar Kegiatan Literasi Saintifik untuk Pembelajaran Jarak Jauh Topik Penyakit Coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19). Edukatif: Jurnal Ilmu Pendidikan, 2 (1) 28-37. Retrieved from

Singhal, T. A Review of Coronavirus Disease-2019 (COVID-19). Indian J Pediatr 87, 281–286 (2020).

T. R. Liyanagunawardena, A. A. Adams, and S. A. Williams, "MOOCs: 2013. A systematic study of the published literature 2008-2012," The International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning, vol. 14, pp. 202-227

Vaibhav, A., & Gupta, P. (2014). Gamification of MOOCs for increasing user engagement. In 2014 IEEE International Conference on MOOC, Innovation and Technology in Education (MITE) (pp. 290–295). IEEE. Retrieved from 290



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 IJIS Edu : Indonesian Journal of Integrated Science Education

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

IJIS Edu: Indonesian Journal of Integrated Science Education


Lantai 2 Fakultas Tarbiyah dan Tadris
Institut Agama Islam Negeri ( IAIN ) Bengkulu
Jl. Raden Fatah Kel. Pagar Dewa Kec. Selebar Kota Bengkulu


  Creative Commons License
IJIS Edu : Indonesian Journal of Integrated Science Education ini diterbitkan oleh IAIN Bengkulu dan Disebarluaskan dengan perijinan dibawah Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.