Kearifan Konservasi Sumberdaya Laut Nelayan Tradisional Bajoe Sulawesi Selatan, Indonesia

Erman Syarif

Abstract


Marine resources in Indonesia are experiencing degradation. Conservation based on local wisdom is a very valuable asset in conserving marine resources in Indonesia. This research aims to identify: (1) what are the characteristics of traditional fishermen in Bajoe Village, and (2) what are the forms of local wisdom in marine resource conservation. This type of research is qualitative. The research location is in Bajoe Village, Tanete Riattang Timur District, Bone Regency, South Sulawesi Province, Indonesia. Sources of data are informants (Ponggawa Fishermen, Ponggawa Nelayan Bugis and Sawi-sawi Fishermen, Community Leaders, and Village Heads). Data was collected by observation, interviews, literature review and documentation. Data analysis techniques are data collection, data reduction, data presentation, and data conclusion drawing. The results of the research show that: (1) the fishing communities in Bajoe Village generally live on the beach in an elongated and grouped pattern and depend on marine products for their livelihood. (2) there are several forms of local wisdom in Bajoe Village, namely: values, norms, knowledge, symbols and technology. Therefore, a revitalization program, refunctionalization of local wisdom, and socialization to the public are needed. Local wisdom is a very valuable asset so that it can be used as reference material in making policies related to marine resource conservation efforts in Indonesia, especially in South Sulawesi.


Keywords


conservation; marine resources; local wisdom; Bajoe fishermen

Full Text:

PDF

References


Anggoro, S. (2004). Pengelolaan Kawasan Konservasi Laut Daerah. MSDP, UNDIP, Semarang.

Awaliyah, N. R., Hasriyanti, H., & Maddatuang, M. (2020). Kearifan Lokal Paseng Ri Ade’dan Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Adat Karampuang dalam Upaya Pelestarian Hutan. LaGeografia, 18(3).

Berkes, F., Colding, J., & Folke, C. (2000). Rediscovery of traditional ecological knowledge as adaptive management. Ecological Applications, 10(5), 1251–1262.

Dahuri, R., Rais, J., Ginting, S. P., & Sitepu, dan M. J. (2001). Pengelolaan sumberdaya wilayah pesisir dan lautan secara terpadu. PT. Pradnya Paramita. Jakarta, 328.

Davis, A., & Bailey, C. (1996). Common in custom, uncommon in advantage: common property, local elites, and alternative approaches to fisheries management. Society & Natural Resources, 9(3), 251–265.

Fatchan, A., & Astina, I. K. (2016). Existence of Tradition Patorani Activities In Coastal Resources Conservation In The District Takalarsouth Sulawesi Province Indonesia. 21(10), 49–56. https://doi.org/10.9790/0837-2110094956

Guerry, A. D., Polasky, S., Lubchenco, J., Chaplin-Kramer, R., Daily, G. C., Griffin, R., Ruckelshaus, M., Bateman, I. J., Duraiappah, A., & Elmqvist, T. (2015). Natural capital and ecosystem services informing decisions: From promise to practice. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 112(24), 7348–7355.

Holling, C. S., & Meffe, G. K. (1996). Command and control and the pathology of natural resource management. Conservation Biology, 10(2), 328–337.

Keraf, A. S. (2010). Etika lingkungan hidup. Penerbit Buku Kompas.

McGoodwin, J. R. (1990). Crisis in the world’s fisheries: people, problems and politics Stanford University Press. California.

Mitchell, B. (2018). Resource and environmental management. Oxford University Press.

Muhtadi, D. (2011). Ketika Kearifan lokal tergerus Zaman. JE Wawa, Ekspsdisi Citarum, Sejuta Pesona Dan Persoalan, Laporan Jurnalistik Kompas, 9–21.

Olsson, P., & Folke, C. (2001). Local ecological knowledge and institutional dynamics for ecosystem management: a study of Lake Racken watershed, Sweden. Ecosystems, 4(2), 85–104.

Pollnac, R. B., & Poggie Jr, J. J. (2006). Job satisfaction in the fishery in two southeast Alaskan towns. Human Organization, 329–339.

Pomeroy, R. S. (1995). Community-based and co-management institutions for sustainable coastal fisheries management in Southeast Asia. Ocean & Coastal Management, 27(3), 143–162.

Ravikumar, T., Ram, N., Krishnan, P., Sankar, R. K.,

Sachithanandam, V., & Roy, S. D. (2016). Subsistence fishing methods of Nicobari tribes using traditional knowledge. Journal of Marine and Island Cultures, 5(1), 79–87.

Salomon, A. K., Kii’iljuus Barb, J. W., White, X. E., Tanape Sr, N., & Happynook, T. M. (2015). First Nations perspectives on sea otter conservation in British Columbia and Alaska: insights into coupled human–ocean systems. In Sea otter conservation (pp. 301–331). Elsevier.

Sheil, D., Boissière, M., & Beaudoin, G. (2015). Unseen sentinels: local monitoring and control in conservation’s blind spots. Ecology and Society, 20(2).

Syarif, E. (2020). Studi fenomenologi makna pasang ri kajang dalam pengelolaan hutan masyarakat adat Ammatoa Bulukumba Sulawesi Selatan. SKRIPSI Mahasiswa UM.

Syarif, E., Fatchan, A., & Astina, I. K. (2017). Progressivity Punggawa-sawi in sustaining flying fish resources on culture patorani Takalar District South Sulawesi Indonesia. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences, 8(1), 397.

Syarif, E., Fatchan, A., & Komang Astina, I. (2016). Conservation Values of Local Wisdom Conservation Values of Local Wisdom Traditional Ceremony Rambu Solo Toraja’s Tribe South Sulawesi as Efforts the Establishment of Character Education. EFL JOURNAL, 1(1), 17–23. www.efljournal.org

Van der Meulen, F., & Salman, A. (1996). Management of Mediterranean coastal dunes. Ocean & Coastal Management, 30(2–3), 177–195.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.29300/ijsse.v3i2.4826

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2021 Indonesian Journal of Social Science Education (IJSSE)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Indonesian Journal of Social Science Education (IJSSE)
Lantai 2 Gedung Pelatihan 
Universitas Islam Negeri Fatmawati Sukarno Bengkulu
Jl. Raden Fatah Kel. Pagar Dewa Kec. Selebar Kota Bengkulu

P-ISSN 2655-6588
E-ISSN 2655-6278

jurnal_jpipsi@iainbengkulu.ac.id

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.