Heny Merizawati


This paper examines errors in paper presentations of Indonesian EFL learners. It aims to identify the types of errors and the most often errors committed by 124 sophomores of the class of 2016 in State Islamic Institute of Bengkulu (IAIN Bengkulu). The researcher used qualitative approach with descriptive analysis. The data were collected from recorded paper presentations from the Semantics-Pragmatic course and a questionnaire sheet. The researcher found 17 types of errors from paper presentations which were omission(20.27%) followed by Subject-Verb Agreement (SVA) (12.10%), plural form (11.09%), tense (8.82%), addition (7.81%), wrong Parts of Speech (PoS) (7.63%), fragment (7.15%), redundancy (5.30%), possessive noun (5.24%), wrong choice of word (3.87%), preposition (2.56%), articles(2.56%), disordering (2.20%), singular form (1.72%), misinformation (0.71%), parallel structure (0.53%), and negative form (0.35%). Meanwhile, from the questionnaire sheet, it shows that the incorrect use of tenses was the most often errors that learners thought they committed and it was the most difficult one learners assumed. As a result, the five biggest errors occurred went to omission, SVA, plural form, tense and addition. It seems that interlingual or transfer errors as well as intralingual and developmental errors influence learners to commit the errors.


error; paper presentation

Full Text:



Abisamra, N. (2003). An analysis of errors in Arabic speakers’ English Writings. Retrieved from http://

Bennui, P. (2008). A study of L1 interference in the writing of Thai EFL students. Malaysian Journal of ELT Research, 4. 72-102. Retrieved from

Burt, M. K. (1975). Error analysis in the adult EFL classroom. TESOL Quarterly, 9(1), 53-63. Retrieved from

Cohen, A. D. (1975). Error analysis and error correction with respect to the training of language teachers. ERIC Document Reproduction Service (EDRS). Retrieved from

Corder, S. P. (1967). The significance of learner’s errors. International Review of Applied Linguistics in Language Teaching, V(4), 161-170. Retrieved from

El-Farahaty, H. (2017). A Grammatical error analysis of final year students Arabic writing. The Language Scholar Journal, 1, 1-29. Retrieved from

Fang, X., & Xue-mei, J. (2007). Error analysis and the EFL classroom teaching. US-China Education Review, 4(9), 10-14. Retrieved from

Hossain, M. D., & Uddin, M. T. (2015). An investigation into the errors committed by first year under graduates in the Department of English at Jahangirnagar University. Global Journal of Human-Social Science: G Linguistics and Education, 15(2), 1-17. Retrieved from

Kayum, M. A. (2015). Error analysis and error correction in oral communication in the EFL context of Bangladesh. International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development, 2(3), 125-129. Retrieved from

Khanom, H. (2014). Error analysis in the writing tasks of higher secondary level students of Bangladesh. GSTF International Journal on Education (JEd), 2(1), 39-44. Retrieved from

Khansir, A. A. (2012). Error analysis and second language acquisition. Theory and Practice in Language Studies, 2(5), 1027-1032. doi: 10.4304/tpls.2.5.1027-1032

Lukáčová, Z., & Pavelová, B. (2017). Error analysis in EFL classroom on lower secondary students. LLCE, 4(1), 54-74. doi: 10.1515/llce-2017-0004

MacDonald, P. (2005). An analysis of interlanguage errors in synchronous/asynchronous intercultural communication exhanges (thesis). Retrieved from

Meehan, S. (2013). An investigation into the structural errors of Arabic learners’ written persuasive discourse in English (Master’s thesis). Retrieved from

Mohamed, A. R., Lian, G. L., & Eliza, W. R. (2004). English errors and Chinese learners. Sunway College Journal, 1, 83-97. Retrieved from

Mungungu, S. S. (2010). Error analysis: Investigating the writing of ESL Namibian Learners (thesis). Retrieved from

Nemser, W. (1969). Approximative systems of foreign learners. International Review of Applied Linguistics in Language Teaching, 9(2). doi:

Nuruzzaman, M., Islam, A. B. M. S., & Shuchi, I. J. (2018). An analysis of errors committed by Saudi Non-English major students in the English paragraph writing: A study of comparisons. Advances in Language and Literary Studies, 9(1), 31-39. doi: 10.7575/aiac.alls.v.9n.1p. 31

Phuket, P. R. N., & Bidin, S. J. (2016). Native language interference in writing: A case study of Thai EFL learners. International Journal of Foreign Language Teaching & Research, 4(16), 25-36. Retrieved from

Richards, J. C. (1970, March). A non-contrastive approach to error analysis. Paper presented at the TESOL Convention, San Francisco.

Richards, J. C. (1971, February). Error analysis and second language strategies. Lecture given at Indiana University. Bloomington.


Linguists : Journal Of Linguistics and Language Teaching

Program Studi Tadris Bahasa Inggris, Gedung C.4.2
Fakultas Tarbiyah dan Tadris
Institut Agama Islam Negeri Bengkulu
Jl.Raden Fatah, Pagar Dewa Kota Bengkulu, Bengkulu, Indonesia
Telp. (0736)51171,51172,51276 Fax.(0736) 51172
Website :
Email : 




Google ScholarGarudaRelated image