A Discourse Analysis of Lexical Cohesion on Naila Farhana’s Videos

Winda Wasalwa Batubara, Didin Nuruddin Hidayat, Nida Husna, Alek Alek, Moch. Imam Machfudi


The study sought to investigate the lexical cohesion in three YouTube videos by Naila Farhana, "Language Learning when you are an Introvert," "This useful language translation hack will help you!" and "Change your life! Benefits of Learning English Language". Farhana is known as an Indonesian YouTuber engaged in Languages. Through her video, the study analyzed Farhana's utterances on some topics based on lexical cohesion elements. Moreover, this study is concerned with Farhana's consistency, properly using lexical cohesion based, and finding out which lexical cohesion is the most dominant. Since to produce good writing and speech, it needs to pay attention when used to make the reader or listener not misunderstand. The research method was a qualitative description of the YouTube transcript to analyze the lexical cohesion devices. The results showed that the most dominant lexical cohesion of Farhana's three Youtube videos was Collocation of 36.93%. In addition, the study found Farhana's consistency in using lexical cohesion seen in the percentage of using the correct type of lexical cohesion reached from Halliday and Hasan's theory.


Lexical Cohesion; YouTube; Videos

Full Text:



Afriani, Z.L. (2018). The use of cohesive devices in argumentative essay. Linguists: Journal of Linguistics and Language Teaching, 4(2), 31-47.

Al-Ghazalli, M. F., & Majli, N. M. (2019). A study of lexical cohesion in women's articles written by native and non-native speakers of english. International Journal of English Language and Linguistics Research, 7(1), 1-18.

Almurashi, W. A. (2016). The effective use of youtube videos for teaching english language in classrooms as supplementary material. International Journal of English Language and Linguistics Research, 4(3), 32-47.

Amalia, D., & Hidayat, D. N. (2020). Lexical cohesion in kid talks: the instagram videos of mila stauffer. Journal of Islam and Humanities, 5(1), 1–18. 10.15408/insaniyat.v5i1.15081

Arifiani, D. M. (2016). An analysis of grammatical and lexical cohesion in emma watson's speech text on gender equality [Thesis, Faculty of Adab and Humanities, State Islamic University Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta]. https://repository.uinjkt.ac.id/dspace/bitstream/123456789/32199/1/Dewi%20Mustika%20Arifiani%20(1111026000068).pdf.

Bateman, J. A. (2006). Introduction to discourse studies by jan renkema. Information Design Journal, 14(1), 91–94. https://doi.org/10.1075/idj.14.1.12bat.

Batubara, M. H., Dara, C., & Rahila, I. (2021). An analysis lexical cohesion in jakarta post news. Journal of Linguistics, Literature and Language Teaching, 1(1), 1–7. https://doi.org/10.37249/jlllt.v1i1.278

Bui, T. L. (2021). The role of collocations in the english teaching and learning. International Journal of TESOL & Education, 1(2), 99–109. https://i-jte.org/index.php/journal/article/view/26.

Burnaz, S., & Acikgoz, F. (2021). The influence of “influencer marketing” on youtube influencers. International Journal of Internet Marketing and Advertising, 15(2), 201. https://doi.org/10.1504/ijima.2021.10036966

Crystal, D. (1992). Introducing linguistics. Harmondsworth: Penguin.

Fralinger, B., & Owens, R. (2009). YouTube as a learning tool. Journal of College Teaching & Learning (TLC), 6(8), 1-15. https://doi.org/10.19030/tlc.v6i8.1110.

Halliday, M. A., & Hasan, R. (1976). Cohesion in english. London: Longman.

Haniah, A. U., Sasongko, F. K., & Fauziati, E. (2020). The use of repetition as self-repair of an efl learner. Language Circle: Journal of Language and Literature, 15(1), 104–111. https://doi.org/10.15294/lc.v15i1.24469

Karadeniz, A. (2017). Cohesion and coherence in written texts of students of faculty of education. Journal of Education and Training Studies, 5(2), 93-99. 10.11114/jets.v5i2.1998

Kirana, R. P., Mukhrizal, M., & Jayanti, F. G. (2020). Types of lexical cohesion and grammatical cohesion in thesis abstracts. Jadila: Journal of Development and Innovation in Language and Literature Education, 1(1), 57–68. https://doi.org/10.52690/jadila.v1i1.14.

Kristiani, P. E., & Pradnyadewi, D. A. M. (2021). Effectiveness of youtube as learning media in improving learners’ speaking skills. The Art of Teaching English as a Foreign Language, 2(1), 7–11. https://doi.org/10.36663/tatefl.v2i1.97

Marto, H. (2019). Lexical cohesion in the background of research used in undergraduate [Thesis, Madako University]. file:///C:/Users/User/Downloads/4724-10140-1-PB.pdf.

Maryati, S., & Suprapti, S. (2018). Cohesion in students' speeches. ELT Forum: Journal of English Language Teaching, 7(2), 29-39. https://doi.org/10.15294/elt.v7i2.28855

Mills, S. (1997). Discourse. New York: Routledge.

O'Halloran, K. (2008). Discourse analysis by h.g. widdowson. International Journal of Applied Linguistics, 18(1), 106–110. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1473-4192.2008.00185.x

Palmer, C., & Bolderston, A. (2006). A brief introduction to qualitative research. Canadian Journal of Medical Radiation Technology, 37(1), 16-19. 10.1016/S0820-5930(09)60112-2

Pratama, S. H., Arifin, R. A., & Widianingsih, A. S. (2020). The use of youtube as a learning tool in teaching listening skills. International Journal of Global Operations Research, 1(3), 123-129. 10.47194/ijgor.v1i3.56

Puspita, G. S., Nisa, F. R. K., & Suprijadi, D. (2019). Lexical cohesion in news article on the jakarta post entitled "why full day school will not work in indonesia?". PROJECT (Professional Journal of English Education), 2(4), 507-513. https://doi.org/10.22460/project.v2i4.p507-513

Putra, A. M. I. (2018). An analysis of the use of grammatical and lexical cohesion in theses written by undergraduate students majoring in english of islamic university of riau. LINGUIST Journal of Linguistics and Language Teaching, 4(1), 72–90.

Saed, H. A., Haider, A. S., Al-Salman, S., & Hussein, R. F. (2021). The use of youtube in developing the speaking skills of jordanian efl university students. Heliyon, 7(7). e07543. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2021.e07543

Saputra, A., & Hakim, M.A.R. (2020). The Usage of Cohesive Devices by High-Achieving EFL Students in Writing Argumentative Essays. Indonesian TESOL Journal. 2(1), 42-58.

Sengaji, E. M., & Sopiah. (2010). Metode penelitian pendakatan praktis dalam penelitian. Yogyakarta: Andi.

Shammas, D. N. A. (2013). Collocation in english: comprehension and use by ma students at arab universities dr. nafez antonious shammas faculty of arts & sciences petra university amman the hashemite kingdom of jordan. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science, 3(9), 107–122.

Sidabutar, U. (2021). An analysis of lexical cohesion on the students' writing. JETAL: Journal of English Teaching & Applied Linguistics, 2(2), 62–67. https://doi.org/10.36655/jetal.v2i2.533.

Trisnaningrum, Y., Alek, A., & Hidayat, D. N. (2019). Discourse analysis of grammatical cohesion devices in college students' academic writing essay. IJEE (Indonesian Journal of English Education), 6(1), 79–90. https://doi.org/10.15408/ijee.v6i1.12502.

Wahyono, S., Hasyim, N., & Mulya, A. S. (2020). Lexical cohesion analysis on scopus indexed-journal entitled "a new control method for power based on dynamic evolution control". Epigram, 17(1), 27–36. https://doi.org/10.32722/epi.v17i1.3313.

Wang, J., & Zhang, Y. (2019). Lexical cohesion in research articles. Linguistics and Literature Studies, 7(1), 1–12. https://doi.org/10.13189/lls.2019.070101.

Wu, D., Hou, Y. T., Zhu, W., Zhang, Y., & Peha, J. M. (2002). Streaming video over the internet: approaches and directions. IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology, 11(1), 282-300. 10.1109/76.911156

Yulfi, Y., Seli, S., & Ariska, R. (2019). An analysis of english lexical collocation found in english newspaper. Linguistic, English Education and Art (LEEA) Journal, 2(2), 100–115. https://doi.org/10.31539/leea.v2i2.349

Zakiyah, L., & Zakrimal, Z. (2020). Semantics analysis of hyponym in the "fate and furious 8." Linguistic, English Education and Art (LEEA) Journal, 4(1), 45–55. https://doi.org/10.31539/leea.v4i1.1361.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.29300/ling.v8i1.6435

Copyright (c) 2022 Linguists : Journal Of Linguistics and Language Teaching

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Linguists : Journal Of Linguistics and Language Teaching

Program Studi Tadris Bahasa Inggris, Gedung C.4.2
Fakultas Tarbiyah dan Tadris
UIN Fatmawati Sukarno Bengkulu
Jl.Raden Fatah, Pagar Dewa Kota Bengkulu, Bengkulu, Indonesia
Telp. (0736)51171,51172,51276 Fax.(0736) 51172
Website : http://iainbengkulu.ac.id/
Email : linguists@iainbengkulu.ac.id 




Related image