Empowering Students’ Creativity and Critical Thinking through Discovery Learning-based Writing Assessment

Anisa Dian Kusumawardhani, Debby Mulya, Annisa Faizah


It goes by saying that 2013 Curriculum emphasizes on the active learning and stimulates students’ high order thinking skill. Furthermore, discovery learning is one of the learning approaches which is proposed by the government to support and to construct students’ creative and critical thinking. Due to the fact that teachers’ awareness and experience in developing the learning materials and performing the discovery learning activities which encourage students to think critically and creatively is still less, this paper presents information and guidance how to construct the discovery learning-based activities which promotes high order thinking skills. Moreover, this paper limits its focus on the writing skill assessment in the senior high school. The research and development methodology was adopted in this paper. An example of simple learning activities of discovery learning-based writing assessment is provided as well. The proposed discovery learning activities cover the activities which might be done from the beginning to the end of the learning process, that is assessed in writing skill. The guidance and learning activities sample help English teachers of senior high school elaborating the discovery learning based writing assessment activities.


discovery learning; writing assessment; high order thinking skill

Full Text:



Borg & Gall (2007). Educational Research. London : Pearson

Brown, D.H. (2007). First Language Acquisition.Principles of Language Learning and Teaching. 5th Ed. Pearson ESL. 24-51.

Callaghan, M., & Rothery, J. (1988). Teaching factual writing: A genre based approach. Marrickville, N.S.W.: DSP Literacy Project, Metropolitan East Region.

Castronova, J.A. Discovery Learning for the 21st Century: What is it and How Does it Compare to Traditional Learning in Effectiveness in the 21st Century? Retrieved from http://www.myenglishpages.com/files/1282044031.pdf.

Discovery Learning.https://www.learning-theories.com/discovery-learning-bruner.html

Essay, U.K (2015). Disadvantages Of Fast Foods. https://www.ukessays.com/essays/english-language/disadvantages-of-fast-foods-english-language-essay.php

Heather, Coffey. Discovery learning. Retrieved from http://www.learnnc.org/lp/pages/5352

Heaton, J.B. (1988). Writing English language tests. London : Longman,

Kemendikbud (2016). Permendikbud No. 24 Tahun 2016

King, FJ., Goodson, L., & Rohani, F. Higher Order Thinking Skills. Educational Services Program. www.cala.fsu.edu/files/higher_order_thinking_skills.pdf

Revised Bloom’s taxonomy Action Verbs. Retrieved from https://www.apu.edu/live_data/files/333/blooms_taxonomy_action_verbs.pdf

Saumell, V. Guided Discovery for Language Instruction:A Framework for Implementation at all Levels. Retrieved from www.pearsonELT.com/EnglishInCo.

Takaya, Keiichi. (2008). Jerome Bruner’s Theory of Education: From Early Bruner to Later Bruner. Interchange, 39(1), 1–19.

Takaya, Keiichi. (2013). Jerome Bruner Developing a Sense of the Possible. Springer: London.

Tuttle, N. (2014, October 29). Small group work. Retrieved from https://teaching.uchicago.edu/teaching-guides/small-group-work/.

Udori, E. J. (2015). Social media is harming the mental health of teenagers. The state has to act. https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2015/sep/16/social-media-mental-health-teenagers-government-pshe-lessons.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.29300/ling.v5i1.1913

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Linguists : Journal Of Linguistics and Language Teaching

Program Studi Tadris Bahasa Inggris, Gedung C.4.2
Fakultas Tarbiyah dan Tadris
Institut Agama Islam Negeri Bengkulu
Jl.Raden Fatah, Pagar Dewa Kota Bengkulu, Bengkulu, Indonesia
Telp. (0736)51171,51172,51276 Fax.(0736) 51172
Website : http://iainbengkulu.ac.id/
Email : linguists@iainbengkulu.ac.id 




Google ScholarGarudaRelated image