Power-Based Economic Politics in Persatuan Islam (Persis) in Sapeken, Sumenep-Madura

Limas Dodi

Abstract


This research describes the phenomenon of contestation between the religious sects of Nahdlatul Ulama (NU), Muhammadiyah and Islamic Unity/ Persatuan Islam (Persis) in Sapeken, Sumenep-Madura and economy strategy played by Persis as the majority in the midst of NU's domination. This research is unique because of several reasons, 1) Sumenep-Madura is the basis of NU and Muhammadiyah, 2) Persis is able to shift those two religious organizations. In several studies, the Madurese community is more highlighted with nuances of nahdliyin, but the depiction of conditions in Sapeken is different and inversely proportional. Therefore the current researcher offers a synthesis by raising the idea that Persis's power lies in the politic-economy strategy. In order to be more systematic, this research used qualitative with a descriptive analysis approach. The data taken was only primary sources by involving directly to the field through interview techniques and non-participatory observation. The data were later analyzed. A number of essential results were found, first, the strategy used to shift the traditionalist religious sects was perusing the parts of the people-base economy unempowered by NU and Muhammadiyah. Second, the religious-based politic-economy played by Persis controled the micro-macro economic development. Third, the structures controlled as a form of religious-political economy were economic and educational aspects. 

 

Penelitian ini mendeskripsikan fenomena kontestasi aliran keagamaan Nahdlatul Ulama (NU), Muhammadiyah dan Persatuan Islam (Persis) di Sapeken, Sumenep-Madura dan strategi ekonomi yang dimainkan oleh Persis sebagai mayoritas di tengah dominasi NU. Penelitian ini unik karena beberapa alasan, 1) Sumenep-Madura adalah basis NU dan Muhammadiyah, 2) Persis mampu menggeser kedua organisasi keagamaan tersebut. Dalam beberapa penelitian, masyarakat Madura lebih ditonjolkan dengan nuansa nahdliyin, namun penggambaran kondisi di Sapeken berbeda bahkan berbanding terbalik. Untuk itu peneliti saat ini menawarkan sintesa dengan mengangkat gagasan bahwa kekuatan Persis terletak pada strategi ekonomi politik yang dimainkan. Agar lebih sistematis, penelitian ini menggunakan kualitatif dengan pendekatan analisis deskriptif. Data yang diambil hanya sumber primer dengan terjun langsung ke lapangan melalui teknik wawancara dan observasi non partisipatif. Setelah itu, langkah-langkah menganalisis data, ditemukan beberapa hasil penting, yaitu pertama strategi yang digunakan untuk menggeser aliran keagamaan tradisionalis dengan menyisir bagian-bagian ekonomi kerakyatan yang belum tersentuh oleh NU dan Muhammadiyah. Kedua, politik ekonomi berbasis agama yang dimainkan Persis mengontrol sisi pembangunan mikro-makro ekonomi. Ketiga, struktur yang dikuasai sebagai bentuk ekonomi politik keagamaan adalah aspek ekonomi dan aspek pendidikan.


Keywords


economic politics; religion; religious movements; Islamic unity.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Arifanto, A.R, “Islamic Campus Preaching Organizations in Indonesia: Promoters of Moderation or Radicalism?”, vol. 14, no. 6, 2018.

Aziz, Abd, and Matnin Matnin, “Jurnalis Dalam Tinjauan Sosial Ekonomi Politik Pada Konflik Sunni-Syiah di Kabupaten Sampang.” KABILAH : Journal of Social Community, vol. 3, no. 2, December 1, 2018, https://doi.org/10.35127/kbl.v3i2.3411.

Badan Amil Zakat Nasional, Statistik Zakat Nasional 2019, Jakarta: Liaison dan Pelaporan Baznas, 2020.

Baskara, Benny, Islam Bajo Agama Laut, Banten: Javanica PT Kaurama Buana Antara, 2016.

Bisri, Cik Hasan, Pilar-Pilar Penelitian Hukum Islam Dan Pranata Sosial. Jakarta: Grafindo Persada, 2004.

Bungin, Burhan, Penelitian Kualitatif : Komunikasi, Ekonomi, Kebijakan Publik, Dan Ilmu Sosial Lainnya, Jakarta : Kencana Prenada Media Group, 2008.

Bustani, Abd. Latif, “Islam Kangean,” Antropologi Indonesia, vol. 7, vol. 2, 2014.

Creswell, John W, Research Design, Qualitative, Quantitative and Mixed Methods Approaches, Trans, Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar, 2016.

C.Y. Glock & R. Stark, “Religion and Society in Tension,” New York: Randn McNally, 1996.

Dja’far, Halimah, “Memahami Teologi Islam (Sejarah dan Perkembangannya)”, Jurnal Nazharat, vol. XV, no. 1, 2014.

El-Rumi, Umiarso, “The Young Kyai (Lora) and Transformation of the Pesantren in Madura.” Islam Realitas: Journal of Islamic and Social Studies, vol. 6, no. 2, December 31, 2020, https://doi.org/10.30983/islam_realitas.v6i2.3484.

Fuad, A. Jauhar, “Akar Sejarah Moderasi Islam Pada Nahdlatul Ulama.” Tribakti: Jurnal Pemikiran Keislaman, vol. 31, no. 1, January 13, 2020, https://doi.org/10.33367/tribakti.v31i1.991.

Hilmy, Masdar, “Akar-akar Transnasionalisme Islam Hizbut Tahrir Indonesia (HTI).” ISLAMICA: Jurnal Studi Keislaman,vol. 6, no. 1, January 22, 2014, 1. https://doi.org/10.15642/islamica.2011.6.1.1-13.

Huda, Choirul, “Pemikiran Ekonomi Bapak Ekonomi Islam; Ibnu Khaldun.” Economica: Jurnal Ekonomi Islam, vol. 4, no. 1, May 31, 2013, https://doi.org/10.21580/economica.2013.4.1.774.

Muhsin, Ilyya, Nikmah Rochmawati, and Muhammad Chairul Huda, “Revolution of Islamic Proselytizing Organization: From Islamism to Moderate.” QIJIS (Qudus International Journal of Islamic Studies), vol. 7, no. 1, June 3, 2019, 45. https://doi.org/10.21043/qijis.v7i1.5076.

Nugroho, Novi Dwi, “Manajemen Konflik Keagamaan: Kasus Aliran Islam Tauhid Di Kabupaten Pandeglang” 27, 2014.

Sari, Nove Kurniati. “Dinamika Perkembangan Spiritualitas dan Relevansinya Terhadap Pendidikan Islam.” Tadbir: Jurnal Manajemen Pendidikan Islam, vol. 8, no. 1, February 27, 2020, https://doi.org/10.30603/tjmpi.v8i1.735.

Setiyani, Wiwik. “The Exerted Authority Of Kiai Kampung In The Social Construction Of Local Islam.” Journal Of Indonesian Islam, vol. 14, no. 1, June 1, 2020, https://doi.org/10.15642/JIIS.2020.14.1.51-76.

Sugiyono, Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif Kualitatif Dan R & D, Bandung: Alfabeta, 2014.

Suyadi, Suyadi, and Hendro Widodo. “Millennialization of Islamic Education Based on Neuroscience in the Third Generation University in Yogyakarta Indonesia.” QIJIS (Qudus International Journal of Islamic Studies), vol. 7, no. 1, July 11, 2019, https://doi.org/10.21043/qijis.v7i1.4922.

Tabrani, ZA, “The Theological Transformation of Indonesian Democratic Politics. (Telaah Singkat Tentang Masyarakat Madani Dalam Wacana Pluralisme Agama Di Indonesia),” AL-IJTIMA’: International Journal of Government and Social Science, vol. 2, no. 1, 2016.

Tholkhah, Imam, Mewaspadai Dan Mencegah Konflik Antar Umat Beragama. Jakarta: Departemen Agama R, 2001.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.29300/madania.v25i1.4226

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Indexing by :

_______________________________________________

Creative Commons License

Jurnal Madania ini diterbitkan oleh IAIN Bengkulu dan Disebarluaskan dengan perijinan dibawah Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License

__________________________________________________

MADANIA: JURNAL KAJIAN KEISLAMAN
Institut Agama Islam Negeri Bengkulu
Jl. Raden Fatah, Pagar Dewa Kota Bengkulu 38211
Bengkulu, Sumatra Indonesia

 Lihat Statistik

View MyStat