The Battle of Student Ideology at State Islamic Higher Education: Activism of Gerakan Mahasiswa Pembebasan and Student Element Resistance

As'ad As'ad, Fridiyanto Fridiyanto, Muhammad Rafi’i

Abstract


This paper seeks to analye the ideological battle between Hizbut Tahrir Indonesia (HTI) through Gerakan Mahasiswa Pembebasan (Gema Pembebasan; the Liberation Student Movement) and intra-campus (DEMA; Student Executive Council) and extra-campus student associations at State Islamic Higher Education (PTKIN). The main article’s objectives are what issues often propagated by HTI activists are; and what the reactions and resistances of opposite student activists towards HTI’s ideology are. The research method used is qualitative, with a multi-case design. Data collection was carried out directly by observing and in-depth interviewing informants from various elements of the student movement; HTI activists, student presidents of DEMA and other administrators, as well as student activists either through direct or phone interviews. The results of the study showed that Gema Pembebasan activists as the underbow of HTI had militancy and high discipline to promote ideology and struggled to uphold the caliphate. HTI activists campaigned the Khilafah Islamiyah ideology and concept through various media and intellectual activities. In propaganda scheme, HTI activists always make tag line campaigns such as “Democracy is Haram”, “Khilafah Islamiyah is the solution”, and “Stop the Secular System”. This article also concluded that the provocative actions of Gema Pembebasan activists have generated a number of resistance from the opposite activists. The intra-and extra-campus organizations activists attempt to fight HTI's ideological propaganda through various strategies, such as intellectualism and intimidation. However, the resistance power was no longer found since HTI was dissolved by the Government.

 

Tulisan ini bertujuan mendiskusikan pertarungan ideologi antara aktivis Hizbut Tahrir Indonesia (HTI) melalui Gerakan Mahasiswa Pembebasan (Gema pembebasan) dengan organisasi mahasiswa intra kampus (DEMA; Dewan Eksekutif Mahasiswa) dan ekstra kampus di Perguruan Tinggi Keagamaan Islam Negeri (PTKIN). Pertanyaan utama artikel ini adalah isu apa saja yang sering dipropagandakan aktivis HTI; dan apa saja reaksi serta resistensi aktivis mahasiswa yang kontra dengan ideologi HTI. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah kualitatif, dengan rancangan multikasus. Pengumpulan data dilakukan secara langsung dengan mengamati dan mewawancarai secara mendalam informan dari berbagai elemen gerakan mahasiswa; aktivis HTI, presiden mahasiswa DEMA dan pengurusnya, dan aktivis mahasiswa baik secara langsung maupun via handphone. Hasil penelitian menemukan bahwa aktivis Gema Pembebasan sebagai sayap organisasi (underbow) HTI memiliki militansi dan disiplin tinggi untuk mempromosikan ideologi dan perjuangan menegakkan khilafah. Aktivis HTI mengkampanyekan ideologi dan konsep Khilafah Islamiyah melalui berbagai media cetak maupun kegiatan intelektual. Dalam aktivitas propaganda, aktivis HTI selalu membuat tag line kampanye seperti “Demokrasi itu Haram”, “Khilafah Islamiyah Solusi”, dan “Hentikan Sistem Sekuler”. Artikel ini juga menyimpulkan bahwa tindakan provokatif aktivis Gema Pembebasan menuai banyak reaksi resisten dan perlawanan dari aktivis penentang HTI. Aktivis organisasi intra dan ekstra kampus mencoba melawan dakwah ideologi HTI melalui berbagai cara seperti cara intelektualisme bahkan intimidasi. Namun, daya resistensi tidak ditemukan lagi setelah HTI dibubarkan oleh Pemerintah.


Keywords


Gema Pembebasan; HTI activists; DEMA; extra campus organizations; PTKIN.

References


Abdurrakhman, Gerakan Tarbiyah 1980-Respon Ormas Islam Terhadap Gerakan Islam Transnasional Disertasi. Jakarta: Universitas Indonesia, 2013.

Abdalla, Ulil Abshar Kritik Atas Argumen HTI, Jakarta: Democracy Project, 2012.

A.n. Kepala Pusat Kajian Strategi TNI. “Menghidupkan Kembali Kekhalifahan Di Nusantara: Hizbut Tahrir Indonesia (HTI) Strategi Mobilisasi Dan Dampaknya Bagi Indonesia.” Pusat Kajian Strategis presented at the Markas Besar Tentara Nasional Indonesia, Jakarta, 2010.

Ali, As’ad Said, Negara Pancasila: Jalan Kemaslahatan Berbangsa. Jakarta: LP3S, 2009.

Davidson, Alastair, “Gramsci, Hegemony and Globalisation.” Kasarinlan: Philippine Journal of the World Studies, no. 20, no. 4, 2005.

Hilmy, Masdar, “Akar-Akar Transnasionalisme Islam Hizbut Tahrir Indonesia (HTI), ” ISLAMICA: Jurnal Studi Keislaman, vol. 6, no. 1, 2011.

———, “Manufacturing the ‘Ontological Enemy’: Socio-Political Construction of Anti-Democracy Discourses among HTI Activists in Post-New Order Indonesia.” Journal of Indonesian Islam, vol. 3, no. 2, 209AD.

HS, Mastuki, “Meneguhkan UIN/IAIN Menjadi Jendela Islam Indonesia,” Kemenag.Go.Id. Last modified 2014. http://diktis.kemenag.go.id/NEW/index.php?berita=detil&jenis=artikel&jd=356#.YGYYnegzbDc.

Khoiron, “Sekjen Apresiasi Pimpinan PTKIN Keluarkan Deklarasi Aceh,” Kemenag.Go.Id. Last modified 2017. https://kemenag.go.id/berita/read/499684/sekjen-apresiasi-pimpinan-ptkin-keluarkan-deklarasi-aceh.

Lufaefi, “Membaca Gerak Dakwah Gerakan Mahasiswa Pembebasan: Sisi Politis Dan Efeknya.” Hayula: Indonesian Journal of Multidisciplinary Islamic Studies, vol. 2, no. 2, 2018.

Lukens-Bull, Ronald, Islamic Higher Education in Indonesia: Continuity and Conflict, New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013.

Muhtadi, Burhanuddin, “The Quest for Hizbut Tahrir in Indonesia.” Asian Journal of Social Science, vol. 37, no. 4, 2009.

Mujahiduddin, “Hizbut Tahrir Indonesia and the Process of Consolidating Democracy in Indonesia” Presented at the Annual International Conference on Islamic Studies (AICIS) XIV, Balikpapan, 2014.

Neuman, W. Lawrence Metode Penelitian Sosial: Pendekatan Kualitatif dan Kuantitatif, Jakarta Barat: PT Indeks, 2013

Osman, Mohamed Nawab Mohamed, “Hizbut Tahrir Malaysia: The Emergence of a New Transnational Islamist Movement in Malaysia.” Al-Jami’ah: Journal of Islamic Studies, vol. 47, no. 1, 2009.

PMII Jambi, “Muhabasah Kader Muda: Mengawal Perppu Nomor 2 Tahun 2017, Mengawal NKRI, Pembela Bangsa Penegak Agama” Presented at the Seminar, Jambi, 2017.

Salim, Agus, “The Rise of Hizbut Tahrir Indonesia (1982-2004) Its Political Opportunity Structure, Resource Mobilization, and Collective Action Frames.” Tesis, UIN Syarif Hidayatullah, 2005.

Syari’ati, Ali, Ideologi Kaum Intelektual: Suatu Wawasan Islam, Bandung: Mizan, 1993.

Sayuti, “Hizbut Tahrir: Perjuangan Menegakkan Khilafah, Respon Masyarakat Terhadap Hizbut Tahrir Cabang Jambi.” Kontekstualita: Jurnal Penelitian Sosial Keagamaan, vol. 24, no. 2, 2008.

Syamsul Arifin, Ideologi Dan Praksis Gerakan Kaum Fundamentais: Pengalaman Hizbut Tahrir Indonesia. Malang: UMM Press, 2005.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.29300/madania.v25i1.4493

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Indexing by :

_______________________________________________

Creative Commons License

Jurnal Madania ini diterbitkan oleh IAIN Bengkulu dan Disebarluaskan dengan perijinan dibawah Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License

__________________________________________________

MADANIA: JURNAL KAJIAN KEISLAMAN
Institut Agama Islam Negeri Bengkulu
Jl. Raden Fatah, Pagar Dewa Kota Bengkulu 38211
Bengkulu, Sumatra Indonesia

 Lihat Statistik

View MyStat